The sport Kin-Ball was created by the physical education teacher Mario Demers in 1986 in Quebec, Canada. It is played with a big ball and among three teams at the same time, which makes it very unique. The main objective is to score points by forcing another team to make a fault.
The ball has a diameter of 1.22 meters (48 inches) and weighs about 1 kilogram (2 pounds). It is made out of fabric and features a rubber bladder.
A Kin-Ball court is 20×20 meters (66×66 feet) large court, with the lines being part of it.
The team that is in possession of the ball is also called the attacking team. This team has to execute an attack against another team, that is called the defending team. Since there are three teams playing, it is not automatically clear which of the two other teams has to defend the attack. To determine which team will be the defending team, the attacking team has to make a designation. It consists of the word “Omnikin” and a color. Each team is wearing colored bibs that are normally either blue, gray or black.
At the time of the hit, all members of the attacking team must touch the ball somehow. The hitter, can only hit the ball with a part of the body above the hips, which is usually the arms.
After a team has successfully defended a ball by being in control of it, the play continues and they automatically become the attacking team.
Whenever a team commits a fault, both other teams get a point each. This ensures, that one team is constantly left out, because one of the rules of the games is, that the attacking team always has to call the team with the most points. As long as one team makes a lot of mistakes in a row, every team is participating in the game.
Some of the faults a team can commit are:
- The ball touched the ground
- The ball hit an object out of bounds or was touched by a player standing out of bounds
- A player doesn’t touch the ball at the time of the hit
- The attacking team made a mistake during the designation (wrong color, multiple people talking, calling an ineligible team)
- Hitting the ball with only a downward trajectory
- Hitting the ball too short; it must clear at least 1.8 meters (60 inches)
- Walking with the ball after the third player of the team touched it
- Interfering with an attacking or defending player